The Trial of a Born Patriot

Published by The News Today on 14th, August 2016 (Link Above)

Khudiram Bose was one of the youngest freedom fighters and revolutionaries in the freedom movement of undivided India. He participated whole heartedly in the Indian independence movement and sacrificed his childhood, youth and life for his motherland. He had been an inspiration and had showed the way to thousand of freedom fighters, who fought fearlessly to free their motherland from the shackles of British colonialism. At his very early age, Khudiram Bose gathered around himself a large band of revolutionary youth. Khudiram along with Prafulla Chaki were assigned to assassinate the Chief Presidency Magistrate in Muzzafarpur, Bihar, Mr. Kingsford, who had been passing harsh and cruel judgments against the freedom fighters. On April 30, 1908, they waited for Kingsford’s carriage to come in front of the European Club and Bose threw bombs on the carriage when it approached. The carriage was hit but it was not carrying Mr. Kingsford instead the wife and daughter of Barrister Pringle Kennedy. As a result, two unintended persons died. Both the revolutionaries were able to escape from the crime scene. Later his companion, Prafulla committed suicide to avoid arrest and Khudiram was arrested to his misfortune. Khudiam was charged under section 302 of the Penal Code for committing murder or alternatively for abetting murder. The farce in the name of trial started on 21 May 1908. Upon being caught Khudiram confessed. On May 23 Khudiram had to give his second statement before the court. He wanted to confess but he was very much needed for the furtherance of the movement. As such, following the advice of his lawyers, Khudiram denied any involvement in the gunshots and bombings in Muzaffarpur. His lawyers, all acting without any fee, raised vehement legal arguments as to why his primary statement cannot be taken into account and why his case was not proved beyond reasonable doubt by the prosecution. The trial continued with loads of anomalies and inconsistencies and finally the judge fixed June 13 for pronouncing the final judgment. Following the strong legal and factual arguments, it was anticipated that Khudiram will be spared. However, the British Government was not prepared to let go free an Indian who had already been labeled and declared as a revolutionary. Disrespecting the legal provisions and long established British law norms, the judgment imposing death sentence was pronounced. When the judgment was being read, Khudiram was smiling. The judge was surprised to see a mere 18 year old was accepting death so calmly, who looked quite determined. “Do you know what this judgment means?” the judge asked. Khudiram replied with a smile “I know its meaning better than you.” The judge asked, “Have you anything to say?” “Yes. I have to explain a few things about making bombs.” Khudiram reluctantly appealed to the Calcutta High Court. But reiterated that he will attempt again not to miss his target next time, if let off. In Khudiram Bose Vs Emperor [3 Ind Case 625], the judges of the High Court confirmed the death sentence given by the lower court rejecting strong legal grounds put forward by Khudiram’s lawyer. Finally an appeal was made to the Governor General which was summarily turned down. It was said the British Government made his trial a farce because of political reasons. Khudiram was brought to the gallows at 6 A. M. on the 11th of August, 1908. But the smile on his face did not fade. Serenely Bose welcomed this destiny singing the glorious song of death. At 18 years 8 months and 8 days of age he walked to the gallows cheerfully igniting the fire of freedom in thousand minds. “Bid me goodbye Mother, let me wear the noose round my neck with pleasure. I’ll come back in due time. Let the world be witness.”